A M E R I C A


Table of Contents
(More States To Be Added)

CALIFORNIA
MICHIGAN
NEW YORK


AMERICA


The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country mostly located in central North America, between Canada and Mexico. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2), it is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area. The U.S. is the third most populous country in the world. The most populous city is New York City. The capital is Washington, D.C.

America is a melting pot. The 2019 estimated population is over 328 million. It is home to nearly 45 million immigrants, more than any other country in the world. America has never declared a national language. English is the most commonly spoken language, followed by Spanish, and there are more than 350 languages spoken in the U.S.

The U.S. is one of the most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations. America, the land of the free, is where people have the right to express themselves freely in print and speech. In the U.S. Islam is the third largest religion after Christianity and Judaism. Christmas was illegal in the U.S. until 1836, it was considered an ancient pagan holiday.

The U.S. is the only country that has all of earth's five climate zones: tropical, dry, temperate, continental, and polar. Nearly one-third of all land in the U.S. (approximately 650 million acres) is federally owned. The U.S. ranks among the top ten countries in the world for the number of mammal, reptile, fish, and vascular plant species.

Interesting Tidbits:

The Empire State Building has its own zip code. It is 10188. New York City's Landmarks Preservation Commission declared the building a landmark on May 18, 1981. In 1982 The Empire State Building was listed on the State and National Register of Historic Places.

The U.S. has 42,000 zip codes.

The Library of Congress, in Washington D.C. has 838 miles of bookshelves. The bookshelves are long enough to stretch from Houston to Chicago. The Library of Congress has more than 38 million books and other printed materials, 3.6 million recordings, 14 million photographs, 5.5 million maps, 8.1 million pieces of sheet music, 70 million manuscripts, 5,711 incunabula, and 122,810,430 items in the non-classified (special) collections. That is more than 167 million items.

Montana, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, and Wyoming have more cattle than people.

Alaska is 429 times larger than Rhode Island.

The town of Whittier, Alaska, an hour southeast of Anchorage, has approximately 220 people. They live in one building under one roof.

Approximately 90 percent of Americans use the Internet, compared with approximately 54 percent of the global population.

The U.S. has more than 3.1 million square miles of forestland, the fourth most after Canada, Brazil, and Russia.

You can obtain a unicorn-hunting license from Michigan's Lake Superior State University. The late W.T. Rabe, known for his clever public relations stunts when he was a Detroit-area publicist, created the Unicorn Hunters in 1971.

Bourbon is the only U.S. native spirit, declared by Congress in 1964, in an effort to thwart competitors abroad from re-creating it. Kentucky, the birthplace of bourbon, is home to over two million more bourbon barrels than people and supplies more than 95 percent of the world's bourbon.

More than half of the U.S. states (26) have names with Native American origins.

According to the National Association of Wheat Growers, an acre of Kansas wheat produces enough bread to feed nearly 9,000 people for one day. That is enough wheat in one year to feed everyone in the world for two weeks.

The U.S. produces more corn than any country in the world.

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July 20, 1969: Approximately 600 million people around the world watched when Apollo 11 traveled approximately 240,000 miles to become the first manned spacecraft to land on the moon. Neil Armstrong (commander), Buzz Aldrin (lunar module pilot) and Michael Collins (command module pilot) were the crew. Armstrong and Aldrin spent 21 hours and 36 minutes on the moon's surface.

"That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Neil Armstrong

After returning from space, Armstrong said that there was a lost word in his famous one-liner. He insisted that he had said, "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind."

Researchers from Michigan State University (MSU) and Ohio State University did an audio study to decipher Armstrong's statement. It seems that he probably did say the word "a" as he claimed. Armstrong was raised in central Ohio, where there is often a blending between words such as "for" and "a", the researchers explained. His blending of the two words, coupled with the poor sound quality of the transmission, made it difficult for people to hear the "a" word.

Research team member Laura Dilley, a MSU assistant professor of communicative sciences and disorders said, "We've bolstered Neil Armstrong's side of the story. We feel we've partially vindicated him. But we'll most likely never know for sure exactly what he said based on the acoustic information."

The U.S. completed six crewed missions that landed a total of 12 astronauts on the moon from 1969 to 1972.

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Katharine Lee Bates was correct in 1893 when she wrote that America is beautiful from sea to shining sea. America is still a stunningly beautiful country, from sea to shining sea. Many American people are kind, loving, positive, optimistic, generous, and charitable. Sadly, in spite of the legitimate good about America and about American people, some of our most reprehensible history and most deplorable present day truth is associated with how, in America, people have been enslaved, imprisoned, abused, and murdered, most particularly American Indians, African Americans, Hispanics, and Asians.

Pennies are expensive: The U.S. government spends 1.8 cents to mint a one-cent coin. Nickels are worth half as much as dimes, but they cost about twice as much to make.

Many Americans smile frequently and are friendly to strangers. Smiling and being excessively expressive toward strangers is not common in many other countries. Also, Americans tend to be loud compared to people from other countries.

The U.S. incarcerates more people than any other country.

The phrase “United States of America” was first published anonymously in the Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776.

Lasting from 1929 to 1939, The Great Depression was the worst economic downturn in the history of America.

Americans have won the most Olympic medals of all times. U.S. swimmer Michael Phelps is the most successful Olympian of all time. He has won 28 medals, including eight gold medals at 2008 Beijing Games.

The Everglades National Park in Florida is the only ecosystem in the world where alligators and crocodiles co-exist. Most of the Everglades cannot be reach by car or foot because it is so swampy.

Peachy: The peach became Georgia's official state fruit on April 7, 1995. Georgia grown peaches are recognized for their superior flavor, texture, appearance, and nutritious qualities. While Georgia may be the Peach State, peaches also reign as the official fruit of the Palmetto State of South Carolina that produces more peaches than Georgia. A whole lot of cities and towns in Georgia have streets with "peach" in their names. Atlanta, Georgia has more than 70 streets with "peach" in their names.

"Uncle Sam" was a New Yorker. His name was Samuel Wilson and he was a meat packer in Troy, New York. He fought in the American Revolution and later became the official meat inspector for the northern army in the War of 1812. He had a pleasant nature, which is why he was given the nickname "Uncle Sam". According to HuffPost, when he started providing and inspecting meat for the troops during the War of 1812, the soldiers from Troy, New York would joke that the initials "U.S." label on the barrels actually stood for Uncle Sam. This idea eventually expanded to all United States military items with "U.S." And that's how Uncle Sam came to be.

America is the only country that celebrates college sports and elevates their college players to elite status. College football coaches are some of the highest-paid public employees in more than half of all 50 states. The three highest-paid college football coaches together were paid almost $22 million in 2016.

New York is "home" to the Statue of Liberty. However, the Statue of Liberty is not located in New York. It is in Jersey City, New Jersey.

Over half of the U.S. population lives in nine states: California, New York, Texas, Florida, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Ohio, Georgia, and North Carolina.

One of America's most popular pastimes is eating pizza.

Approximately 17 percent of U.S. youth have obesity, and nearly one in three children and adolescents are either overweight or have obesity. Over 70 million adults in the U.S. are obese (35 million men and 35 million women). 99 million are overweight (45 million women and 54 million men). On any given day, approximately 84.8 million adults in the U.S. consume fast food, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Many Americans are sugar addicts. In numerous countries even the sweetest desserts have much less sugar than American desserts.

Food and drink portion sizes in the U.S. are much larger than portion sizes in many other countries.

The U.S. tends to have enormous grocery stores with a huge variety of items. Most other countries do not have large grocery stores or so many item choices.

According to the USDA, more than 11 million hungry children in the U.S. live in "food insecure" homes.

The U.S. is one of three countries that have not officially switched to the metric system. Liberia and Burma are the other two.

The U.S. has been awarded more Nobel Prizes than any other country.

Oregon people speak fast. Marchex studied more than four million phone calls and discovered that people in Oregon spoke six words in the time it takes slowpoke people in other states to say five words. New Yorkers, Upper Midwest states, and Massachusetts have quick speech patterns too. The slowest talkers are in Alabama, Louisiana, and the Carolinas.

Approximately 43 million Americans identify as ancestrally German, more than any other nationality.

The U.S. has the highest rate of tornadoes in the world, on average, more than 1000 each year. Three out of every four tornadoes in the world occur in the U.S.

The extensive U.S. coastline has had more hurricanes (close to 300) since 1851 than any other country, according to data from the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.

There are over 100,000 earthquakes in California every year. Most are minor and cause no damage.

California has many droughts. One of the worst was from December 2011 until March 2017. It was the driest in California in documented history. 164 million trees died during this time.

The U.S. shares the world's longest land border with its neighbor to the north, Canada, at over 5,500 miles. The border is split between the northern edge of the lower 48 states, and the eastern border of Alaska.

Pennsylvania is misspelled on the Liberty Bell. The spelling was an accepted spelling when the bell was engraved, but it is now considered a misspelling. The strike note of the bell is E-flat, and the bell weighs 2,080 pounds.

There are more guns than people in the U.S. There are approximately 101 guns per every 100 people, according to some estimates.

More people live in New York City than in 40 other states.

A Canadian company owns the Mall of America, in Bloomington, Minnesota. They designed and named the mall too.

According to the USDA, foreign investors own at least 28.3 million acres of U.S. farmland, an area roughly the size of Ohio.

According to the Environmental Protection Agency's 2012 figures, Americans produce approximately 1.4 billion pounds of trash each day. Yes, each and every day. It is currently 2020 - that amount has surely increased since 2012. Americans are likely the most wasteful people on the entire planet.

Americans love dogs. There are an estimated 76 million dogs in America, more than double the number in Brazil, the country with the second most dogs.

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COVID-19 Economic Crisis:

The United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research estimates that the COVID-19 economic pandemic could drive as many as 580 million people around the world into poverty, the first increase in global poverty since 1990. This would be in addition to the 734 million people around the world who already live on less than $1.90 a day.

As of 2018, 38.1 million Americans met the federal government's definition of poverty. More than 38 million Americans have filed unemployment claims during the COVID-19 pandemic, and that number will almost certainly increase. America is facing a severe recession.

Approximately 48 percent of Americans are considered to be low income and some of the 48 percent are living in poverty.

As of January 2019, according to the National Alliance to End Homelessness, there were almost 568,000 homeless people in America, associated with every region of the country, family status, gender category, and racial-ethnic group. This figure does not represent the growing number that is now occurring because of COVID-19.

Many Americans believe future history books will record that in 2020 the U.S. federal government cataclysmically failed America, and the world, with its negligent and politicized response to COVID-19. Many Americans believe the COVID-19 pandemic will be documented as one of the most devastating catastrophes in American history.

COVID-19 Health Pandemic In America:

As of March 28, 2020 New York had the highest number of confirmed COVID-19 cases of any state in the U.S. Nearly 50 percent of known national cases were in the state of New York, with one-third of the known cases being in NYC. New York has succeeded in its battle against COVID-19. New York Governor Andrew Cuomo reported that New York reached its lowest number of deaths since the pandemic begin. But, on June 28, 2020, twenty-nine other U.S. states had an alarming increase of cases as businesses and facilities reopened, and restrictions were lifted.

Arizona, California, Florida, Oklahoma, and Texas were the states with the highest concern. Florida joined New York, New Jersey, Illinois, California, Texas, and Massachusetts in states reporting more than 100,000 cases. Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, confirms the surge of new cases in Arizona, California, Florida, Oklahoma, and other states.

Since Memorial Day (05-25-20) many Americans relaxed social distancing and gathered together in close proximity. Many refused to wear masks and ignored safety guidelines. Those choices brought on a resurgence of COVID-19 across the country. Tragically, wearing masks is an extremely politicized issue in America with devastating results.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) predicts that COVID-19 U.S. deaths may reach 150,000 by July 18, 2020. COVID-19 is not taking a summer break. It is wreaking havoc on America.

As of July 4, 2020 the U.S. still had inadequate COVID-19 testing and tracing.

As of July 4, 2020 America had less than five percent of the world's population, but 25 percent of all COVID-19 cases.

On July 4, 2020 COVID-19 cases had agressively spiked in 40 of our 50 U.S. states. Experts believe the Fourth of July holiday will cause a greater increase of new cases across the country.

As of July 4, 2020 America had 2,935,086 COVID-19 cases and 132,313 deaths, according to Worldometer. Worldometer was voted as one of the best free reference websites by the American Library Association (ALA), the oldest and largest library association in the world. Scroll down on their web-page to review Worldometer's updated COVID-19 statistics, per country. They update their statistics each day.



Worldometer


There is much more about America. Please research further on your own, if you wish to learn more.



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California, USA




CALIFORNIA

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States of America. The state capital is Sacramento. Nicknames for California are: The Golden State, The Land of Milk and Honey, The El Dorado State, and The Grape State. California is 1,040 miles long and 560 miles wide. It is about the same square miles as France, Spain, and Sweden.

In 2020, California is, for the most part, a liberal Democratic state. But, California is a complex state, and it has many people with differing political views. The two major political parties in California are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. There are four other parties that qualify for official ballot status: the American Independent Party, Green Party, Libertarian Party, and Peace and Freedom Party. Of the 19,696,371 California voters registered for the November 6, 2018, general election: 43.5 percent were Democrats, 24.0 percent were Republicans, 5.0 percent were affiliated with other political parties, and 27.5 percent were unaffiliated ("Decline to State" or "No Party Preference") voters.

With 39.5 million residents across approximately 163,696 miles, California is the most populous U.S. state. It is the world's thirty-fourth most populous sub-national entity. California is the most populated sub-national entity in North America. In 1850 California became the 31st state. It is the third largest state after Alaska and Texas. Approximately one-half of California land is federally owned. Despite urbanization and land loss to industry, California still leads the U.S. in agricultural production with millions of acres of farmland. Each year California grows more than 3.3 million tons of wine-grapes on over 540,000 acres, producing approximately 90 percent of all U.S. wine. California has a vast production of fruit and vegetables. It yields the majority of the country's peaches, plums, artichokes, and broccoli, although almonds are the biggest export.

National parks located throughout California are devoted to the preservation of nature and natural resources. Of the 59 national parks in the United States, California contains nine. The redwood is California's official state tree. Some giant redwoods in Sequoia National Park are more than 2,000 years old. The General Sherman in Sequoia National Park is the largest living tree in the world. It is between 1,800 to 2,700 years old. Its trunk is a little larger than 102 feet in circumference. California is home to the oldest species of pine tree, the bristle-cone pine in the Inyo National Forest. The California poppy is the official state flower. The California Valley Quail is the official state bird.

The official state animal is the grizzly bear. The grizzly bear population in California is extinct; the last sighting of a grizzly was in 1924. Before the mid-1800s, thousands of grizzly bears could be found across California. From the California Gold Rush period (beginning in 1848) until the last sighting in 1924, every grizzly in the state of California was captured or killed.

The Californian 1,100 mile long coastline is a national monument, ensuring constant conservation and guaranteeing there will not be new oil drilling within 12 nautical miles of the mainland.

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California's Spanish Missionaries

Spanish missionaries arrived in California in the 1700s. Journalist and author Elias Castillo, wrote a remarkably well-researched book, "A Cross of Thorns: The Enslavement of California's Indians by the Spanish Missions," published in 2015. Castillo is a three-time Pulitzer Prize nominee and has earned 13 journalism awards in a career that includes reporting for the Associated Press and the San Jose Mercury News, San Jose, California.



A Cross of Thorns:
The Enslavement of California's Indians
By the Spanish Missions


Castillo draws on more than eight years of meticulously researched historic documents. He presents a scathing history of the mission period between 1769 and 1833 and the subsequent Mexican and American rule. California Indians were forced to be Christianized and California missions were little more than concentration camps for the thousands of native peoples who faced slavery and genocide within their walls. Each year, Mission Dolores gives tours to thousands of schoolchildren studying the mission system. Indigenous writers and Castillo have criticized the state curriculum, claiming it glosses over the Indians' brutal treatment. A Cross of Thorns drew praise from Indian groups and major publications, and now is being taught in classes at the University of California at Berkeley, UCLA, Stanford, Monterey State University, Sonoma State University, and Oklahoma State University, plus several California community colleges.



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The California Gold Rush

On January 24, 1848, James Wilson Marshall, a carpenter from New Jersey, discovered gold flakes in the American River at the base of the Sierra Nevada Mountains near Coloma, California. Marshall was working to build a mill for John Sutter, a German-born Swiss colonizer. Sutter established Sutter's Fort in the area. Days after Marshall's discovery at Sutter's Mill, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed, ending the Mexican-American War and leaving California in the hands of the United States.

Sutter obtained permission from the governor, Juan Bautista Alvarado, to settle in the territory. Sutter employed or enslaved Native Americans of the Miwok and Maidu tribes, the Hawaiians (Kanakas) he had brought, and also employed some Europeans. He envisioned creating an agricultural utopia, and for a time the settlement was large and prosperous. Prior to the Gold Rush, it was the destination for most immigrants entering California via the high passes of the Sierra Nevada, including the ill-fated Donner Party of 1846, for whose rescue Sutter contributed supplies.

Some Native Americans worked voluntarily for Sutter (e.g. Nisenans, Miwoks, Ochecames), but others were subjected to varying degrees of coercion that resembled slavery or serfdom. Sutter believed Native Americans must be kept "strictly under fear" in order to serve white landowners. His Native American "employees" slept on bare floors in locked rooms without sanitation, and ate from troughs made from hollowed tree trunks. If Indians refused to work, Sutter responded with violence.

Sutter attempted to keep the gold discovery quiet, but merchant and newspaper publisher Samuel Brannan returned from Sutter's Mill to San Francisco with gold he had acquired and he publicized the find. Crowds of men overran Sutter's Mill, destroying nearly everything Sutter had worked for.

Approximately three-quarters of the male population of San Francisco left San Francisco for the gold mines. Prospective gold miners came searching for fortune and California's non-native population exploded. James Wilson Marshall discovered his first gold flakes on January 24, 1848 - by August 1848 the area had more than 4,000 gold miners. The Gold Rush was the largest mass migration in United States history.

San Francisco developed a bustling economy and became the central metropolis of the new frontier. Miners extracted more than 750,000 pounds of gold during the California Gold Rush, worth approximately $2 billion.

The Gold Rush sped up California's admission to the Union as the 31st state. In late 1849, California applied to enter the Union with a constitution that barred the Southern system of racial slavery. This provoked a crisis in Congress between proponents of slavery and anti-slavery politicians. According to the Compromise of 1850, proposed by Kentucky's Senator Henry Clay, California was allowed to enter as a free state. The territories of Utah and New Mexico were left open to decide the question for themselves.


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California is home to The Golden Gate Bridge, Yosemite National Park, Angel Island, Alcatraz, Disneyland, and Hollywood. The highest and lowest points in mainland U.S. are in California. Mount Whitney stands 14,495 feet, and less than 100 miles away is Death Valley which is 282 feet below sea level. Death Valley is the hottest and driest place in the country. Death Valley frequently reaches temperatures greater than 120 degrees during the summer and only has about two inches of rain each year.

Blue jeans were invented in San Francisco: Levi Strauss was born in Germany in 1829. He and his family moved to New York City in 1846 where they had a store selling clothing and other goods. In early 1853, Strauss moved to San Francisco, California to sell goods to the thriving gold mining trade. He made durable trousers for gold miners from heavy brown canvas cloth. He later switched materials and created the first denim blue jeans in 1873, catering to workingmen who needed tough garments that would withstand hard manual labor. On May 20, 1873, Levi Strauss and tailor Jacob Davis secured a patent to create work pants reinforced with metal rivets, the birth of one of the world's most famous garments: blue jeans.

American author Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) never said, "The coldest winter I ever spent was a summer in San Francisco." He should have said it, but he didn't. The quote is frequently incorrectly attributed to Mark Twain.

Skateboarding started in California in the 1950s. The first skateboards were made from roller skates attached to a board. Skateboarding gained popularity because of surfing. Skateboarding was initially referred to as sidewalk surfing.

The Barbie doll is a California native. Mattel, Inc., a southern California toy company, introduced Barbie, full name Barbara Millicent Roberts, an 11-inch tall plastic doll with the figure of an adult woman, on March 9, 1959. Ruth Handler, who founded Mattel with her husband, Elliot, spearheaded the introduction of Barbie.

In 1964, San Francisco's cable cars were named the first moving National Historic Landmark.

In 1969, California became the birthplace of the Internet.

Apple Computers were invented in California. Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak developed the world's first user-friendly personal computer, originally known as Apple Computers, in Jobs' garage at his home in Los Altos, California. On April 1, 1976, they debuted the Apple 1.

There are over 100,000 earthquakes in California every year. Most are minor and cause no damage.

California has many droughts. One of the worst was from December 2011 until March 2017. It was the driest in California in documented history. 164 million trees died during this time.

California has some weird laws. Here are a few: In Blythe, it is illegal to wear cowboy boots unless you own a minimum of two cows. In Fresno, park visitors cannot "annoy" lizards they encounter at the city park. Walking an elephant down Market Street in San Francisco is illegal, unless the elephant is on a leash. Between 4 p.m. and 6 p.m., it is illegal to walk a camel down Palm Canyon Drive in Palm Springs. In Long Beach it is illegal to curse on a mini-golf course. Bowling is not legal on the sidewalk in Chico.

At the midpoint of California, there is a palm tree and a pine tree planted next to each other to signify the meeting point of Northern and Southern California.

Californians do not call California "Cali" - they say "NorCal" or "SoCal" for Northern and Southern California.

There is much more about California. Please research further on your own, if you wish to learn more.



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Michigan, USA



MICHIGAN

Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The French colonized Michigan in the 17th century. The name possibly comes from the French version of the Ojibwe word meshi-gami, which means "large water" or "large lake". Michigan has over 150 lighthouses and navigational lights.

With a population of approximately ten million, Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, the 11th most extensive by area, and the largest by area east of the Mississippi River. Its capital is Lansing, and its largest city is Detroit. Detroit, also called Motor City and the Paris of the Midwest, is among the nation's most populous and largest metropolitan economies. The city is known as the car capital of the world.

Michigan includes 56,954 square miles of land area; 1,194 square miles of inland waters; and 38,575 square miles of Great Lakes water area. Michigan has almost 65,000 inland lakes, ponds, and streams.

Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula is shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula (often called "The U.P.") is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile (8 km) channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan. The Mackinac Bridge connects the peninsulas.

Michigan has the longest freshwater shoreline in the world, and more shoreline than any other state, except Alaska. The western shore has many sand dunes. The Sleeping Bear Dunes rise 460 feet above Lake Michigan.

Living among the sand dunes is the dwarf lake iris that is Michigan's official state wildflower. Michigan’s state flower is the apple blossom, its state game mammal is the white-tailed deer, and the painted turtle is the state reptile. The state is home to 360 bird species including the rare Kirtland’s warbler.

Although Michigan is often called the "Wolverine State" they are no longer in Michigan. A 2004 sighting of a wolverine was the first confirmed sighting in Michigan in 200 years. That animal was found dead in 2010.

Apples are the largest and most valuable fruit crop in Michigan. The state has 11.3 million apple trees. Michigan is the third largest apple producing state in the U.S.

Michigan is the largest producer of cherries in the U.S.

The extinct mastodon is the state fossil. One of the most complete mastodon skeletons ever found came from an area near Owosso, Michigan. The longest trail of mastodon footprints can be found outside of Ann Arbor, Michigan. Mastodons were mammals; they did not appear until many millions of years after the close of the Cretaceous period. They lived in herds, similar to their distant relatives, modern elephants. Fossil evidence indicates that mastodons probably disappeared from North America approximately 10,500 years ago as part of a mass extinction of most of the Pleistocene megafauna that is believed to have been a result of human hunting pressure.

The Petoskey stone is the official state stone. It is formed from 350 million-year-old fossilized limestone and is found along the shores of Lake Michigan.

Rogers City boasts the world’s largest limestone quarry.

Spreading over more than 1,400 acres, there is a gigantic salt mine underneath Detroit. It is approximately 1160 feet below the city’s surface, formed as a result of evaporation of a sea covering the region some 400 million years ago.

The Ambassador Bridge is a suspension bridge that connects Detroit, Michigan and Windsor, Ontario, Canada. The bridge is the busiest international border crossing in North America in terms of trade volume.

The Mackinac Bridge (Mighty Mac) is one of the longest suspension bridges in the world. Connecting the upper and lower peninsulas of Michigan, it spans five miles over the Straits of Mackinac, which is where Lake Michigan and Lake Huron meet. The Mighty Mac took three years to complete and opened in 1957.

The state capitol building with its majestic dome was built in Lansing in l879. It took six years to complete. It has more than nine acres of hand-painted surfaces. It is one of 13 capitol buildings in the U.S. that is a national historical landmark.

The Model T is an important part of American history. Henry Ford, a pioneer of mass automobile production, was born July 30, 1863 in Greenfield Township, Michigan. The Ford Motor Company is still based in Dearborn.

In 1879 Detroit, Michigan telephone customers were first in the U.S. to be assigned phone numbers to facilitate handling calls.

The art deco Fisher building, designed by celebrated architect Albert Kahn and built in 1928, is one of the most iconic features of the Detroit skyline. The Fisher building has been called Detroit's largest art object.

"Hitsville U.S.A." is the nickname given to Motown Records first headquarters, in Detroit, Michigan, purchased by Motown founder Berry Gordy in 1959. Its name, a blend of motor and town, has become a nickname for Detroit. Motown specialized in soul music with "The Motown Sound". Motown played an important role in the racial integration of popular music. Many of its African American performers became celebrated artists. Following mainstream success in the late 1960s and early 1970s, Gordy moved the label to Los Angeles. Since 1985, the Hitsville U.S.A. building on West Grand Boulevard in Detroit has been the site of the Motown Museum, dedicated to the legacy of the record label, its artists, and its music.

Michigan has the only authentic Dutch windmill operating in the United States. The De Zwaan Windmill in Holland, Michigan is not only a historic attraction; it is a functioning machine that produces healthy whole-wheat flour.

Michigan is the only place in the world with a floating post office. The J.W. Westcott II is the only boat in the world that delivers mail to ships as they pass under the Ambassador Bridge. They have been operating for 125 years.

The Saugatuck Chain Ferry in the resort town of Saugatuck, built in 1838, is the only remaining chain-driven ferry in the country and it is hand propelled. It is the only floating zip code in the United States. It is addressed, Vessel Name, Marine Post Office, Detroit, Michigan, 48222.

The Cross In The Woods, located in Indian River, is the world's largest crucifix.

The Detroit Zoo in Detroit has more than 1.5 million visitors annually. It is home to more than 2,000 animals of 230 species. It is the first zoo in America to feature cage-free, open-exhibits that allows animals more freedom to roam.

The Michigan Left: In addition to having to drive in snowy conditions, the "Michigan Left" can be difficult for out-of-town drivers. The "Michigan Left" isn't found everywhere. It is scattered throughout the state. It requires drivers to turn right and then make a U-turn to go in the direction they desire. If you aren't familiar with this procedure, it is easy to get lost or to unintentionally make an illegal turn.

Colon, Michigan is home to the world’s largest manufacture of magic supplies. Colon calls itself the Magic Capital of the World. The city hosts a four-day magician convention each August.

Michigan's flaky meat filled pasties are so popular in the Upper Peninsula that the community has a pasty festival in Calumet each year. Locals and visitors alike enjoy the pasties.

Michigan is home to the National Museum of the Tuskegee Airmen. The Tuskegee Airmen consisted of African-American and Caribbean-born pilots who fought against the Axis powers in World War II. The pilots were known for their aerial combat bravery and helped turn the tide of the war in favor of the Allies. The Tuskegee Airmen formed the 477th Bombardment Group and 332nd Fighter Group of the USMA. The museum is located in Warren, part of the outskirts of Detroit.

The Detroit Historical Museum has an exhibit called "Doorway to Freedom" that shares Detroit's association with the Underground Railroad when a nineteenth-century network of people and places helped American slaves escape to freedom in the North.

The Detroit Institute of Arts (DIA) was established in 1888. It is 658,000 square feet. It is one of the top six museums in the U.S. The museum has over 100 galleries. It is one of the most visited art museums in the world. It has a self-portrait by Vincent van Gogh, paintings by Henri Matisse, and important American art. The museum has the remarkable Rivera Court, an enclosed courtyard with walls covered with colorful murals painted by Mexican muralist Diego Rivera.

Flint, Michigan, is home to the Flint Institute of the Arts. The Institute is the second largest art museum in Michigan and one of the largest art instruction schools in the nation. It attracts students from across the country and the world.

Dearborn, Michigan, boasts the largest Arab-American community in the nation. The city features the first Arab-American museum in the country with exhibits, cultural displays, and literary, artistic, and sculptural works of art. The area has Arab and Arab-American owned grocery stores, cafes, restaurants, entertainment venues, and mosques.

Ann Arbor, Michigan is home to the chewing gum wall, also known as Graffiti Alley. Artist Katherine Cost painted the wall on East Liberty Street in 1999. One part of the wall is layered with chewed gum. Sticking chewed gum on the wall is a tradition done by locals and tourists since 1999.

Grand Rapids Michigan is home to the 24-foot Leonardo da Vinci horse, called Il Gavallo, the largest equestrian bronze sculpture in the Western Hemisphere.

The Michigan State University campus is home to the oldest continuously operating botanical garden in the U.S. The garden has more than 5,000 species of plants.

You can obtain a unicorn-hunting license from Michigan's Lake Superior State University. The late W.T. Rabe, known for his clever public relations stunts when he was a Detroit-area publicist, created the Unicorn Hunters in 1971.

In 1817 the University of Michigan was the first university established by any of the states. Originally named Cathelepistemian and located in Detroit, the name was changed in 1821. The university moved to Ann Arbor in 1841.

Michigan was the first state to provide in its Constitution for the establishment of public libraries.

Michigan was the first state to guarantee every child the right to tax-paid high school education.

Elsie, Michigan is home to the world’s largest registered Holstein dairy herd.

Isle Royal Park, Michigan shelters one of the largest moose herds remaining in the U.S.


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A few notable people who were born in Michigan or who have lived in Michigan:

Robert Lee Frost (March 26, 1874 - January 29, 1963) was an American poet. He is the only poet to receive four Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry. Although many people associate Frost with New England, he spent several years in Ann Arbor, Michigan in the 1920s, serving as the University of Michigan’s poet in residence. Frost created some of his best-known poems while living in Michigan. Frost was 86 when he read at the inauguration of John F. Kennedy on January 20, 1961. It earned Frost unofficial recognition as the poet laureate of the U.S. No one in the U.S. had officially borne that title, an honor bestowed in Britain for centuries. Frost was one of America's rare "public literary figures, almost an artistic institution." He was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 1960 for his poetic works. On July 22, 1961, Frost was named poet laureate of Vermont.


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George Snow Hill (Nov. 13, 1898 - Oct. 15, 1969) was born in Munising, Michigan. Hill was an American painter and sculptor. He is best known as a muralist. His mural work received international attention.


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Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 - July 2, 1961) was born outside of Chicago. He grew up in Oak Park, Illinois, but spent his first 21 summers at his family's vacation home, a Walloon Lake cottage in Michigan. He used northern Michigan as settings in a number of his works, most featuring his character Nick Adams. Many of his works are classics of American literature. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. The Ernest Hemingway Cottage on Walloon Lake, Michigan is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.


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Robert Hayden (August 4, 1913 – February 25, 1980) was born in Detroit, Michigan. He was an American poet, essayist, and educator. He served as Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress from 1976 to 1978, a role today known as U.S. Poet Laureate. He was the first African-American writer to hold the office. In 2012 the U.S. Postal Service issued a pane of stamps featuring ten great Twentieth Century American Poets, including Robert Hayden.


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Joyce Carol Oates (born June 16, 1938) is an American writer. Oates published her first book in 1963 and has published 58 novels, numerous plays, novellas, short stories, poetry, and nonfiction. She has won many awards for her writing. She moved to Detroit, Michigan in 1962, and lived in or around Detroit for nearly 20 years. She taught at the University of Detroit, and her experiences in Detroit during the 1960s greatly influenced some of her novels and short stories.


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Francis Ford Coppola was born April 7, 1939 in Detroit, Michigan. He is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, and film composer. He was a significant figure in Hollywood filmmaking of the 1960s and 1970s. He is considered one of the greatest filmmakers of all time.


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Scientist Robert Jarvik was born May 11, 1946 in Midland, Michigan. Along with Willem Kolff, Jarvik invented the Jarvik-7 artificial heart. He also invented a ventricular assist device, the Jarvis 2000.


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Documentary filmmaker, activist, author, and actor Michael Moore was born April 23, 1954 in Flint, Michigan. He produces documentaries, video shorts, music videos, and narrative films. He founded the Traverse City Film Festival held annually in Traverse City, Michigan in 2005. In 2009, he co-founded the Traverse City Comedy Festival, also held annually in Traverse City, where he helped spearhead the renovation of the historic downtown State Theater. In 2005, Time magazine named Moore one of the world's 100 most influential people. He was awarded an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Humanities from Michigan State University in 2014.


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Serena Williams was born on September 26, 1981, in Saginaw, Michigan. She is an American professional tennis player and former world No. 1 in women's single tennis. She won 23 Grand Slam singles titles, the most by any player in the Open Era, and the second most of all time behind Margaret Court.


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There is much more about Michigan. Please research further on your own, if you wish to learn more.


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New York, USA



NEW YORK

New York is a state located in the northeastern United States. It was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With more than 19 million residents in 2019, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from its city with the same name - which is located within the state, it is sometimes referred to as New York State. New York contains 13 metropolitan areas, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. Major metro areas include New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, the Capital District (Albany, Schenectady, and Troy), Poughkeepsie, Syracuse, Utica, and Binghamton. Albany, the state capital, is the sixth-largest city in New York State. There are 62 cities in New York. More people live in NYC than in 40 other states.

The 27th largest U.S. state in land area, New York has a diverse geography. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest. The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic coastal plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley.

The large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains, and the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state. The north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley bisect these more mountainous regions. Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, and Niagara Falls. The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourist destination.

In 2019, New York City (abbreviated as NYC) had an estimated population of 8.34 million people distributed over approximately 303 miles. NYC is home to more than two-fifths of the state's population. The NYC metropolitan area is the most populous city in the U.S. and the premier gateway for immigration to the U.S.

Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area (including nearly 40 percent on Long Island). NYC comprises five counties (each coextensive with a borough): Bronx, New York County (Manhattan), Queens, Kings County (Brooklyn), and Richmond County (Staten Island). NYC is a global city, home to the United Nations Headquarters. It has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and the world's most economically powerful city.

Tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans had inhabited New York for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. French colonists and Jesuit missionaries arrived southward from Montreal for trade and proselytizing.

In 1609, Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company visited the region. The Dutch built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany later developed. The Dutch soon also settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the multicultural colony of New Netherland, a center of trade and immigration. England seized the colony from the Dutch in 1664. During the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), a group of colonists of the Province of New York attempted to take control of the British colony and eventually succeeded in establishing independence.

In the 19th century, New York's development of the interior, beginning with the Erie Canal, gave it incomparable advantages over other regions of the east coast and built its political and cultural ascendancy.

Many landmarks in New York are well known, including Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls, and Grand Central Terminal. France gifted the Statue of Liberty to the U.S. in 1886 for its centennial celebration. New York is "home" to the Statue of Liberty. However, the Statue of Liberty is not located in New York. It is in Jersey City, New Jersey.

The Empire State Building has its own zip code. It is 10188. New York City's Landmarks Preservation Commission declared the building a landmark on May 18, 1981. In 1982 The Empire State Building was listed on the State and National Register of Historic Places.

In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global hub of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, and environmental sustainability. New York has approximately 200 colleges and universities, including the State University of New York. Several have been ranked among the top 100 in the nation and in the world.

There is much more about New York State. Please research further on your own, if you wish to learn more.


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NEW YORK CITY, NEW YORK

In 2019, New York City (abbreviated as NYC) had an estimated population of 8.34 million people distributed over approximately 303 miles. NYC is home to more than two-fifths of the state's population. The NYC metropolitan area is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for immigration to the United States.

NYC comprises five counties (each coextensive with a borough): Bronx, New York County (Manhattan), Queens, Kings County (Brooklyn), and Richmond County (Staten Island). NYC is a global city, home to the United Nations Headquarters. It has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and the world's most economically powerful city.

More than 800 languages are spoken in NYC, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. More Jewish and Chinese people live in NYC than any other city outside of Israel and outside of Asia. The Puerto Rican population in NYC is the largest of any city in the world.

The NYC Public Library has over 50 million books and other items. It is the second largest library system in the nation after the Library of Congress. It is the third largest library in the world.

The Empire State Building has its own zip code. It is 10188. NYC's Landmarks Preservation Commission declared the building a landmark on May 18, 1981. In 1982 The Empire State Building was listed on the State and National Register of Historic Places. France gifted the Statue of Liberty to the U.S. in 1886 for its centennial celebration. New York is "home" to the Statue of Liberty. However, the Statue of Liberty is not located in New York. It is in Jersey City, New Jersey.

There is much more about NYC. Please research further on your own, if you wish to learn more.